IDGR registers sheep in three categories: Recorded Grade, American and Purebred. Offspring of IDGR-registered animals are automatically eligible for registry or recordation in the appropriate category. IDGR also has an Experimental herd book for crossbred goats. In order to maintain accurate records and to ensure the purity of the herdbooks, the following steps must be taken to record new animals into the registry.
PUREBRED: Offspring of IDGR-registered purebred animals are automatically eligible for registry in the purebred herdbook. If the sheep is registered with a different recognized breed registry or the Livestock Conservancy, please submit an IDGR application and a photocopy of the animal’s registry certificate with pedigree. If the animal is not already registered, but both the animal’s sire and dam are registered, submit an application and photocopies of both of their registry certificates. Two clear full-body photographs are required for all animals being registered. Fiber breeds must have at least 3 months fiber growth in the photographs. Certain breeds may also require a fiber sample to be submitted.
AMERICAN: A sheep out of two registered American goats or one Purebred and one American parent 96.7% or less will be registered in the American herdbook. A goat out of one American or purebred parent and one 75% or more Grade parent will be eligible for registry in the American herdbook. If one of the sheep's parents or granparents are registered with a separate recognized breed registry or the Livestock Conservancy, submit an application and photocopies of their registration certificates. If the appearance conforms to the standard for the breed, the animal will be registered as an American; if not, it will be recorded as a grade. Two clear, full body photographs are required with at least three months fiber growth for fiber breeds. Certain breeds may also require a fiber sample to be submitted.
GRADE: Rams and ewes may be admitted to the Grade herdbook. If little or no information is available on a sheep’s ancestry, or if the ancestors were not registered, the sheep can be recorded as a Grade. Submit an application indicating which breed the animal resembles and a photograph along with all available background information on the animal, including transfers of ownership, if known. If the animal conforms to breed standards for its age and gender but has no registered ancestors, it will be entered in the Grade herdbook as Recorded By Appearance (RBA). The offspring of an RBA animal and a purebred animal will be recorded as 50% (1/2) Grade. The offspring of a 50% (1/2) Grade and a purebred will be recorded as 75% (3/4) Grade, and the next generation 87.5%(7/8) may, if they continue to conform to the breed standard, be entered into the American herdbook. Therefore, through the use of purebred rams, an RBA animal’s descendants may eventually enter the American herd book if they have proven themselves to be of appropriate type through several generations of progeny. An American ewe bred to a purebred ram will produce 93.75%(15/16) American offspring. By continuing the process of breeding American ewes to purebred rams, the next generation will be 96.87%(31/32) American, and the next generation 98.43% (63/64) will become eligible for entry into the purebred herdbook. Pictures are required for all Grade registrations.
EXPERIMENTAL: An animal whose sire and dam are Purebreds, Americans or Recorded Grades of different breeds may be registered as an Experimental. Example: the offspring of a purebred Sable buck and an American Nubian doe would be registered as an Experimental. To register an Experimental, fill out a registration form as you would for any of the above categories and submit a photograph of the animal. Photographs: Photographs are required on all goats being registered in the Grade category. Also on the first generation entering the American (87.5%) category and the first generation entering the Purebred category (98.43%).
Photographs are also required for any rare or developing breed and may be required for goats coming from other registries. Either black-and-white or color prints or clear computer print-outs will be accepted; color is preferred. The animal should be standing on level ground with its head up, and against a plain background if possible. Also taken as close up as possible.
Identification: Some type of ID is required on all goats being registered. The prefered method of identification is tattooing. All animals must be tattooed in both ears. For your protection, your herd name and tattoo prefix should be registered with IDGR to insure your exclusive use. It is recommended that the prefix of the breeder be tattooed in the right ear, and a code that indicates year and sequence both in the left ear. “Y” is the recognized letter for 2008 births; “Z” for 2009, “A” for 2010, etc. The letters G,I,O,Q and U are never used. Example: the 4th kid born in 2008 bred by Magic Wind Farm could be tattooed MWF in the right ear and Y4 in the left ear. Other types of identification that are acceptable in include microchips and certain approved ear tags.
Herd Prefix: All animals must be registered with the breeder’s prefix as the first part of their name, the only exception being RBA animals whose breeder is unknown. The “breeder” is defined as the owner of the dam of the animal at the time she was bred. The IDGR believes that the primary function of a registry is to record and preserve information on animals and their progeny. This is why we allow the recording of grade bucks, as opposed to the practices of other registries. However, the IDGR’s motto is ‘For Better Breeding’ and the system of upgrading follows that philosophy by encouraging goat breeders to use the best bucks available to improve their animals’ offspring. Remember we at IDGR can only do so much to keep our herdbooks pure and correct. We are counting on you the breeders to be honest and keep accurate breeding and kidding records.
“Lying lips are abomination to the LORD: but they that deal truly are his delight.” Proverbs 12:22
Accurate flock records are a must for raising registered livestock. These records are needed to properly fill out registration applications. You must know the dam and sire of each lamb. This requires the use of only one ram at a time in a breeding pen or pasture. If two rams are to be used on the same group of ewes, their use must be separated by a time interval that will leave no doubt as to the sire of the lambs (suggested minimum of 17 days between rams). Ram marking harnesses can also be used to help identify ewes bred to different rams, though again running two rams at the same time is not permitted. Use of some positive means of identification such as lamb tags applied at birth, tattoos, ear notches or microchips is needed while the lamb’s dam is known. All Ram lambs must be removed from the ewes before they are old enough to serve the ewes. All lambs entering the purebred herd book must be out of previously registered stock.
2.Identification requirements: Sheep must carry at least one form of permanent identification. This can be tattoo (must register herdname/tattoo prior to tattoo placement), USDA scrapie eartag, or microchip. Farm tags may be used if they include the farm name or abbreviation and individual number in indelible ink. At this time one clear picture of each animal submitted for registration in the purebred herdbook is required. For fiber breeds the sheep must be shown in at least 3 months fiber growth. See individual breed requirements for other breed specific requirements or contact the IDGR-IFBR office.
Requirements for entering sheep in the American herdbook:
All above requirements apply except one parent may be unknown or unregistered. Also two clear pictures, showing two different views of the animal must accompany the application for registration. Animals that do not conform to the breed will be registered as grade or experimental. American animals breed to purebred or American stock can eventually (at 98% or 3rd generation) enter the purebred herdbook.
Requirements for entering sheep in the Grade herdbook:
All above ID requirements must be met. These animals may be of unknown ancestry. They must conform to the breed standard and 2 pictures will be required including one with at least 3 months worth of fiber growth. Grade animals when bred with American, Purebred or Grade stock may enter the American herdbook at 87.5%
Requirements for entering sheep in the Experimental herdbook:
Sheep submitted for registry in the Experimental herd book must have at lest one registered parent and may have parents of different breeds. Again the above ID rules apply to Experimentals as well and two pictures are required.
Rare Breed Sheep Registration Requirements
International Dairy Goat Registry- International Fiber Breed Registry